THE MARKET ENVIRONMENT
Key U.S. indexes gained value in the third quarter as the broad economy continued to struggle toward a full recovery. The country’s annualized gross domestic product plunged by a record 31.7% in the second quarter, fueled by a drop in consumer spending, the primary economic growth driver, which fell 34.1%. In the third quarter, many corners of the economy remained distinctly weak, especially face-to-face businesses, such as restaurants, airlines and travel enterprises, hotels, and recreation/entertainment establishments. Retailers were also distressed as store closings, liquidations and bankruptcies reached all-time high numbers. In contrast to this dismal news, the S&P 500 and NASDAQ indexes closed near peak levels in the quarter. Certain businesses, such as e-commerce companies, seemingly thrived in recent months as online sales advanced 31.8% from the first to the second quarter. Housing was another area of strength. New home sales rose 43.2% year-over-year in August, while existing home sales were up 10.5% from the prior year, marking the most significant growth achieved since December 2006. In addition, the unemployment rate fell each month since April and finished August at 8.4%.
In response to today’s extraordinary circumstances, the Federal Reserve reiterated its pledge to keep key interest rates near zero for the foreseeable future and to maintain low borrowing costs and improve corporate liquidity by continuing to support the corporate bond and short-term liquidity markets. At the same time, economic matters have been overlaid by social unrest that stayed at the forefront in many communities and by the impending presidential election. We expect developments on both of these fronts could put businesses and investors on alert and bring about market volatility in coming months.
Signs of stabilization led to the recent boost in equity prices. Growth stocks benefited most while value stocks continued to be largely underappreciated by the market. This disconnect has provided us with select opportunities to enhance our portfolios. We use our fundamental research approach to distinguish between businesses with balance sheets that have been (and may continue to be) weakened by high debt levels compared with those of well-capitalized businesses whose long-term earnings power remain intact. As new economic remedies continue to unfold we remain dedicated to our tried and true value philosophy and process.
Pinterest’s share price soared late in July upon the release of its second-quarter earnings report. Revenue ($272.5 million vs. $250.4 million) and adjusted earnings ($-34.0 million vs. $-81.1 million) were better than market expectations. Monthly active users totaled 416 million, which reflected an increase of 39% year-over-year, and topped consensus estimates by roughly 10%. Management did not provide full-year guidance but did relay expectations for third-quarter revenue growth in the mid-30% range year-over-year. Following the review of Pinterest’s solid results, we increased some of our near-term valuation metrics. We like management’s strategic approach, which we believe can provide shareholder rewards going forward.
Second-quarter results from Berkshire Hathaway far exceeded market forecasts. Total net income rose 87% from a year earlier to $26.3 billion. Earnings per share (Class B) advanced year-over-year by about 90% to $10.88 compared with market projections of $2.12. The company achieved this strong financial performance despite realizing a goodwill write-down of nearly $10 billion in aerospace parts supplier Precision Castparts. Berkshire implemented some corrective measures in this business, such as aggressive restructuring to cut costs and workforce reductions amounting to 30% of year-end 2019 headcount. In addition, management’s share repurchase activity has accelerated. The company bought back $1.7 billion worth of shares in the first quarter, $5.1 billion in the second quarter and another $2.7 billion in July. Lastly, the company purchased initial public offering shares of Snowflake, a cloud database firm, as well as additional shares from another stockholder. While this purchase is seemingly out of character for Berkshire because CEO Warren Buffett usually avoids new stock offerings, the investment works to expand the company’s technology exposure. Notably, the purchase was immediately profitable as Snowflake’s price rose by about 111% when trading began on the open market, which increased Berkshire’s stake to about $1.55 billion from the approximate $730 million initial investment.
HCA Healthcare delivered strong second-quarter earnings results, by our standards, with total revenue of $11.07 billion, which was nearly 10% higher than market forecasts. Adjusted earnings, including the CARES Act stimulus, reached $2.67 billion, which was twice the amount the market had expected, and excluding stimulus, earnings outpaced market estimates by 72%. Inpatient admissions improved throughout the quarter as government restrictions eased. We also like the company’s efforts to cut costs during this period of disruption. Later, investors became anxious that the pending appointment of a new Supreme Court Justice may put the future of the Affordable Care Act at risk, which could impact HCA’s business. However, the company’s current liquidity position is strong with several billion dollars in positive free cash flow expected this year. In addition, we find HCA’s management team is increasingly confident about its ability to scale the business up or down in response to a range of scenarios.
Citigroup’s share price declined as Covid-19-related concerns pressuring the financial sector persisted. However, despite a difficult operating environment, the company reported second-quarter results that reflected solid execution, from our perspective, and were generally consistent with our expectations. While revenue grew 5% from a year ago, earnings per share declined, though both surpassed market forecasts. Expenses decreased modestly, which led to a 13% increase in pre-provision net revenue, and accelerated trading and investment banking activity drove an advance of 68% in fixed income revenues. Nevertheless, investors may have been concerned that global consumer banking revenues fell 10% as spending slowed materially due to the pandemic. It is important to note that Citigroup has remained profitable throughout the Covid-19 crisis and continues to operate with significant excess capital relative to regulatory minimums even though the company added more than $10.5 billion to credit reserves year-to-date. In our assessment, the management team is suitably equipped to navigate the near-term challenges brought about by the Covid-19 pandemic.
Although Covid-19 negatively impacted several companies across many industries, recreational vehicle (RV) demand has accelerated since March, which worked to the benefit of Thor Industries. Late in September, the company issued fiscal fourth-quarter results that included a revenue increase of nearly 15% from a year earlier to $2.32 billon. Notably, earnings per share rose 5.1% to $2.14, which had exceeded market expectations by 57%. Net cash from operations for the full fiscal year advanced 6% compared with 2019 and the company finished the fiscal year with a consolidated RV backlog of $5.74 billion, which was an increase of 186.4% over the prior year. CEO Bob Martin remarked that rising retail demand drove dealer inventories to historically low levels and resulted in a record high year-end backlog for the company. Looking forward, Martin expects continued growth in fiscal year 2021 and agrees with the RV Industry Association’s forecast for a year-over-year rise of approximately 20% in calendar 2021 RV shipments. Thor’s share price has been strong of late, and unfortunately, it appears that investors have sold shares to secure profits.
Keurig Dr Pepper issued second-quarter results that were solid, in our assessment. Organic revenue grew 2.9% from a year earlier, adjusted earnings rose 10.4% as margins expanded by 210 basis points and earnings per share advanced 10%. In addition, both total revenue and earnings per share were ahead of market expectations. Performance in coffee systems and packaged beverages was strong with net revenue growth of 5% and 6%, respectively, which offset losses from beverage concentrates and the Latin America beverages business. Management reiterated full-year guidance that calls for organic revenue growth of 3-4% and adjusted earnings per share growth of 13-15%. However, investors appeared disappointed that management did not raise these forecasts, which weighed on the company’s share price. In our view, CEO Robert Gamgort and his team are executing very well in today’s challenging environment and management’s long-term guidance and our value drivers remain intact.
During the quarter, we initiated positions in Aramark, Automatic Data Processing, Bunge and Keurig Dr Pepper. We eliminated HubSpot, Masco, Regeneron Pharmaceuticals and Southwest Airlines from the portfolio.
Past performance is no guarantee of future results.
The S&P 500 Total Return Index is a float-adjusted, capitalization-weighted index of 500 U.S. large-capitalization stocks representing all major industries. It is a widely recognized index of broad, U.S. equity market performance. Returns reflect the reinvestment of dividends. This index is unmanaged and investors cannot invest directly in this index.
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The specific securities identified and described in this report do not represent all the securities purchased, sold, or recommended to advisory clients. There is no assurance that any securities discussed herein will remain in an account’s portfolio at the time one receives this report or that securities sold have not been repurchased. It should not be assumed that any of the securities, transactions, or holdings discussed herein were or will prove to be profitable. Holdings are representative of Harris Associates L.P.’s U.S. Equity composite as of 09/30/20.
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